What is Rohypnol?
Rohypnol (flunitrazepam), also known as roofies, is a sedative in the same recreational drug family as GHB and ketamine and the same prescription drug family as Valium, Halcion, Xanax, and Versed. It is a white tablet which is scored on one side. On the other side, the manufacturers name (ROCHE) is imprinted above the number 1 or 2 (indicating the milligram dosage).
Rohypnol is best known as a date rape drug, though it has gained popularity as a recreational drug. Colorless and odorless, it has been linked to numerous incidents of sexual assault because it is a fast-acting sleeping pill that can be slipped into a drink and leave the victim with little or no memory of the incident. The drug has been changed to leave telltale blue floating particles when mixed with liquids. If you see these in your drink and you are an Appalachian student, you can get emergency help from the ASU Police Department at 828-262-8000.
How is Rohypnol used?
Rohypnol is generally taken in pill form (it is rarely crushed and snorted). Rohypnol is extremely powerful (about 5 times as powerful as Valium). Even a small dose can affect the user for 8 to 12 hours.
Why do people take Rohypnol?
Though it is illegal in the United States, Rohypnol is a legal pharmaceutical sleeping pill in 60 countries. Like all sedatives, it reduces anxiety, induces sleep and depresses the central nervous system. At low doses, Rohypnol produces intoxication, muscle relaxation, and sedative-hypnotic effects lasting 2 to 8 hours. Many users combine Rohypnol with alcohol. Combining sedatives with alcohol can slow breathing and heart rate. At higher doses, the body shuts down and breathing stops.
Are there short-term risks to taking Rohypnol?
Amnesia is the most common side-effect of Rohypnol. Other common side effects include:
- Relaxation or sedation of the body
- Vomiting and headache
- Difficulty breathing and nausea.
- Rapid mood swings and violent outbursts of temper
- Breathing and heart rate slow down to dangerous levels
- Comas and seizures (especially when combined with amphetamines)
- Harsh withdrawal symptoms like insomnia, anxiety, tremors and sweating.
- Memory loss
Overdose is a very real possibility when Rohypnol is combined with alcohol or any other sedating drug. Rohypnol also severely impairs a user's ability to drive or operate machinery.
Are there long-term consequences to taking Rohypnol?
General learning can be affected when sedatives like Rohypnol are taken for prolonged periods. It also causes tolerance and dependence when used regularly (see below).
How do I recognize a problem with Rohypnol?
Some of the danger signs are:
- You use it more frequently.
- You need more and more to get the same effect.
- You become preoccupied with using it.
- You spend more money than you have on getting the drug.
- You miss class, fail to complete assignments, or miss other obligations.
- You make new friends who do it and neglect old friends who don't.
- You find it's hard to be happy or to relax without it.
- You have headaches or trouble sleeping without it.
If you find that you can't stop using Rohypnol, remember, there's help available.
Is Rohypnol addictive?
Rohypnol is addictive; and habitual use, even for just a few weeks, can lead to physical and psychological dependence. Significant tolerance to Rohypnol can also develop. Sudden withdrawal is dangerous because the central nervous system has adapted to the drug's effects. It's important to seek medical help if you are addicted to Rohypnol because of the dangerous withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms can occur a week or more after cessation of use and may include:
- Headache and muscle pain
- Extreme anxiety, tension, restlessness, confusion, and irritability
- Numbness and tingling of the extremities
- Hallucinations, delirium, convulsions, seizures or shock
Is Rohypnol illegal?
Yes, Rohypnol is illegal and its possession, use, and sale carry heavy prison sentences and fines and disciplinary consequences at Appalachian. See the Code of Student Conduct on the Office of Student Conduct website for more information.
How do I help a friend who's having trouble with drugs?
If you are concerned about a friend's drug or alcohol use, this page contains information about different ways to help them.
Resources at Appalachian and in the High Country
If you or a friend are having trouble with drugs or alcohol, or just have questions, there is help available.
Links you can use
National Institute on Drug Abuse
NIDA drug pages have research reports, statistics and information on addiction.
US Drug Enforcement Agency
This report includes pictures of Rohypnol and information on use, effects and trafficking.
National Women's Health Center
This site answers questions on date rape drugs and offers strategies to prevent sexual assault.
Disclaimer: Wellness Promotion is part of the Health Service Department at Appalachian State University. The Wellness Center maintains this site as a resource for Appalachian students. This site is not intended to replace consultation with your medical providers. No site can replace real conversation. The Wellness Center offers no endorsement of and assumes no liability for the currency, accuracy, or availability of the information on the sites we link to or the care provided by the resources listed. Health Services staff are available to treat and give medical advice to Appalachian students only. If you are not an Appalachian student, but are in need of medical assistance please call your own health care provider or in case of an emergency, dial 911. Please contact us if you have comments, questions or suggestions.
Reproduced with permission from Brown University's Health Education Department.